Charles XIV

(1763-1844) (Charles-Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte)
   marshal of France, king of Sweden
   Born in Pau, Charles-jean-Baptiste Bernadotte served as a soldier in the revolution of 1789 and became a brigadier general in 1794. in 1797, he served under Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon i) in Italy, then as ambassador to Vienna in 1798. The same year, he became, by marrying Desirée Clary, the brother-in-law of Joseph bonaparte.As minister of war, Bernadotte refused to participate in the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire (1799). He was made a marshal by Napoléon in 1804, and governor of Hanover that same year. Bernadotte distinguished himself at the Battle of Austerlitz (1805), for which he was created prince of Pontecorvo. He also took part in the victories of Halle and Lubeck over the Prussians (1806), and those of Mohrun-gen and Spander, where he was wounded, over the Russians. As governor of the Hanseatic cities, he led the campaign against the Swedish forces of Gustave IV (1808). After Wagram, however, Bernadotte broke with Napoléon. The Swedes, who appreciated his policies toward them, offered Bernadotte the throne (1810). Chosen crown prince by the Swedish Riksdag (parliament), he was adopted by Charles x III, who had no heirs, and installed in Sweden with Bonaparte's approval. When the danger of the continental blockade, imposed by Napoléon, began to affect Sweden, Bernadotte, as crown prince, turned against him and, in 1812, allied Sweden with Russia. As a member of the coalition against Bonaparte and France, Bernadotte fought against the French forces at Grossbeeren and at Dennewitz, and against those commanded by Napoléon at Leipzig, where he contributed to the French defeat (1813). After a campaign in Hol-stein, Bernadotte signed the Peace of Kiel (1814) with Denmark, by which Norway was returned to Sweden. Bernadotte with enthusiasm became king of Sweden, succeeding Charles xiII in 1818, and dedicated himself to his role as monarch. He founded the present royal house of Bernadotte and was succeeded by his son Oscar I.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles XIV — Jean de Suède Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XIV Jean de Suède Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles XIV — ou Charles Jean V. Bernadotte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles XIV. — See Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules. * * * …   Universalium

  • Charles XIV — /tʃalz/ (say chahlz) noun 1763–1844, king of Sweden and Norway 1818–44. See Bernadotte (def. 1) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Charles XIV. — See Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles XIV Jean De Suède — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XIV Jean de Suède Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles XIV de Suède — Charles XIV Jean de Suède Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles XIV Jean de Suède Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles XIV John of Sweden — Carl Johan redirects here. For the Knight of the Elephant, see Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg. Charles XIV III John Charles John of Sweden and Norway by François Gérard King of S …   Wikipedia

  • Charles XIV Jean de Suède — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles et Bernadotte. Charles XIV Jean …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles XIV John — Swedish Karl Johan orig. Jean Baptiste Bernadotte born Jan. 26, 1763, Pau, France died March 8, 1844, Stockholm, Swed. King of Sweden and Norway (1818–44). He became an ardent supporter of the French Revolution and rose rapidly in the army ranks… …   Universalium

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